Ukraine live updates: Countries across Europe prepare for winter energy stress

attributed to him…Masek Neberdalek for The New York Times

In eastern France, dozens of villages have turned off their streetlights at midnight. Barcelona offers home efficiency ratings. Warsaw supports homes that replace fossil-burning stoves with heat pumps.

With the outbreak of war in Ukraine as oil and gas prices soar and Russian President Vladimir Putin showing a willingness to use Russia’s energy resources as a weapon, towns and cities across Europe are finding different ways to reduce energy use.

As the largest single European consumer of Russian gas, Germany may be the most vulnerable country Russian energy pressure, but many other countries are also facing, at least, price hikes and restrictive additions.

The severity or moderation of the upcoming winter will be a major factor. A mild winter in Europe would reduce global gas demand, as would continued Covid-related lockdowns in China, which is the world’s largest gas consumer. Conversely, harsh winters with harsh temperatures would increase demand and raise prices even more.

But European countries can hardly wait to see what the weather will be like.

It seeks to accelerate its energy independence from Russia, Italia It looked to Algeria as a potential new supplier of gas, boosted renewables and burned more coal to light homes and run businesses.

French President Emmanuel Macron, who warned that the country must prepare itself for Complete cut off of Russian natural gasTo address the gas shortage, he said, the government will prepare a well-thought-out rationalization plan to reduce energy use. He also noted that France’s large nuclear power industry makes it less vulnerable than some of its European neighbors.

“Russia uses energy, just as it uses food, as a weapon of war,” Macron said. He said advance this month.

Elizabeth Bourne, France’s prime minister, told lawmakers in early July that France would renationalize the state-backed electricity giant, Éelectricité de France, which produces most of the country’s electricity and runs all of its nuclear plants.

In Belgium, the government reverse resolution To phase out nuclear power by 2025 and extend the life of two reactors for another decade. The governments of Austria and the Netherlands have taken steps to focus on this Coal-fired power plants that have been closed or scheduled for phase-out. However, these measures have raised concerns that the European Union’s efforts to achieve net greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 will be derailed.

Poland’s legislators backed measures that would allow them to increase gas storage capacity and relax fuel handling rules, Reuters reported.

British National Network It offered an assessment of its limited supply of energy projected this winter, saying in a report “While Britain does not depend on Russian gas as much as the rest of Europe, it is clear that stopping the flow of gas to Europe could lead to spillover effects, including on prices.” Too high.”

The organization, which published unusual early forecasts to help the energy industry prepare for colder months, said it would deal with expensive and unpredictable power, along with any outages, by delaying the shutdown of coal plants.

The national grid also encouraged increased participation in the “demand-side response,” which appears to indicate the potential need for individuals to scale back or accept restrictions on electricity use.